中关村科技园区介绍

 

中关村是我国第一个国家级高新区和国家自主创新示范区。党中央、国务院高度重视中关村的创新发展,先后八次做出重大决策部署。

1988年初,中央同意《中关村电子一条街调查报告》;1988年5月,国务院批复《北京市新技术产业开发试验区暂行条例》;1999年6月,国务院批复中关村科技园区;2009年3月,国务院批复中关村国家自主创新示范区,要求本世纪前20年把中关村建成具有全球影响力的科技创新中心。

2013年9月30日,中央政治局第九次集体学习在中关村举行。习近平总书记强调指出,中关村已经成为我国创新发展的一面旗帜,面向未来,要加大实施创新驱动发展战略力度,加快向具有全球影响力的科技创新中心进军,为全国实施创新驱动发展战略更好发挥示范引领作用。

目前,中关村示范区规划面积488平方公里,有高新技术企业近2万家,其中,国高新企业11252家,形成了一区多园发展格局和电子信息、先进制造、新能源与节能、新材料、生物医药、环境保护六大重点技术领域。示范区发展呈现出良好发展势头,具体表现为:

一是创新创业生态持续优化。优化营商环境推出新举措,创业服务体系更加完善。全年股权投资金额1557亿元,同比增长47.7%,占全国1/3以上。双创保持活跃态势,全年新设立科技型企业近3万家,日均新设立80余家。

二是自主创新能力持续增强。2017年全年企业专利申请量7.4万件,获得专利授权4.3万件,同比增长19.4%,有效发明专利拥有量首次突破8万件。京东方、小米等9家企业年度专利申请量超过千件。企业累计主导创制发布标准7115项,其中国际标准309项,在人工智能、集成电路、新材料等领域新涌现一批重大原创成果。

三是经济规模质量双提升。初步统计,2017年全年企业实现总收入5.1万亿元,同比增长11.1%。利润总额4670.8亿元,同比增长25.1%。实缴税费2593.9亿元,同比增长12.1%。独角兽企业67家,约占全国一半。在全国156家高新区综合排名中稳居榜首。

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Zhongguancun has gathered nearly 20,000 high and new-tech enterprises, represented by Lenovo and Baidu, and has formed a high and new-tech industrial cluster featuring electronic information, biomedicine, energy and environmental protection, new materials, advanced manufacturing, aerospace, R&D and service.

Zhongguancun is the most intensive scientific, education and talent resource base in China. It boasts almost 40 colleges and universities like Peking University and Tsinghua University, more than 200 national (municipal) scientific institutions such as the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 67 state-level laboratories, 27 national engineering research centers, 28 national engineering and technological research centers, 24 university S&T parks and 29 overseas student pioneer parks.

Zhongguancun is one of the “innovation and entrepreneurial base for overseas talents” conferred by the Central Personnel Work Coordination Group. There are more than 5,000 enterprises with at least 15,000 overseas returnees. The entrepreneur representatives include Lenovo president Liu Chuanzhi and Li Yanhong, president of Baidu, and Kai-Fu Lee, Google Greater China’s former CEO and the president of Innovation Works.

Zhongguancun’s venture capital cases and investment amount every year account for about a third of the country’s total. Today, the number of listed companies in the zone adds up to 189, comprising of 113 domestic and 76 overseas companies. As many as 38 enterprises have been listed on the Chinese Growth Enterprise Market. Zhongguancun plans to establish a national S&T financial innovation center that involves government and social funds, industrial and financial capital, and direct and indirect finances.

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资料来源:中关村驻伦敦联络处

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